Combine all these facts, and the birth of the first-born jumps to the top of the list of the “most critical of human events”. It shapes virtually everything, from the life of the child to the life of the nation. In practical terms, the child’s experience at this stage will shape, not only his own life but that of the future spouse and their children, and also his friendships and his relations with colleagues at work. Furthermore, the new parents’ own experience has been shaped immensely by their own parents’ relationship and experiences a generation earlier. These grandparents’ levels of secure/insecure attachment shaped the new parents’ own attachment patterns and now influences their marriage, their first-child experience and future life together.
Today, the insecure cycle not only repeats but widens, and has done so increasingly for the last few hundred years, with the transitions from agricultural to post-industrial to digitally-shaped economic life. The length of time for mother-infant bonding has received increasingly short shrift (except in Scandinavian countries, most notably Sweden). Modern working mothers of newborns are caught “between a rock and a hard place”. In Spain, professional middle-class mothers routinely return to work after 4 months leave. Some of these mothers, anticipating the pain of the impending separation from their newborn, choose not to bond as closely as nature would have them do! What social disasters await Spain a generation from now! And this is happening within married families! How much worse for the low-income couple, and even worse, for the single mother.
The economic world now militates against the nurturance of children. Borrowing from the title and substance of Iain McGilchrist’s monumental work “The Master and His Emissary”,  we can deduce that women, rather than being masters of a relational domain totally their own, by economic, educational and social pressure, are becoming emissaries in the economic world. Though welcome in the economic domain, she is essential in the relational.
Because of her absence more children whimper and more adults wilt.
In pursuing workplace power rather than relational power (child, marriage, and neighborhood power) women have, inadvertently, dissipated vast amounts of the relational ‘oxygen’ that human society needs for all its institutions. Both young adults and those approaching early middle age exhibit the symptoms: they are increasingly depressed, without spouses or families of their own. They are more isolated, alienated, and addicted.
Starved of the relational-generating power that women have in abundance, society cannot thrive, nor this civilization last.
For the good of the child, the future of mankind,
Pat Fagan Ph.D.
 The biological and psychosocial literatures are largely distinct, and few studies provide integrative analyses. The strongest PPD risk predictors among biological processes are hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal dysregulation, inflammatory processes, and genetic vulnerabilities. Among psychosocial factors, the strongest predictors are severe life events, some forms of chronic strain, relationship quality, and support from partner and mother.
 Risk factors for postpartum depression were clustered into five major groups: biological/physical (e.g., riboflavin consumption), psychological (e.g., antenatal depression), obstetric/pediatric (e.g., unwanted pregnancy), socio-demographic (e.g., poverty), and cultural factors (e.g., preference of infants’ gender).
 See minute 52.30 on this interview with McGilchrist. His work is likely to be massive in its impact on shaping human knowledge-seeking from here on. There are many wonderful interviews with him on You Tube.